Your Privacy

This notice describes how medical information about you may be used and disclosed by the Wilcox Health Center at Alma College and how you can get access to this information. Please review this notice carefully.

Notice of Privacy Practices

Counseling records are kept separate from academic, disciplinary and medical records to ensure student’s privacy and confidentiality. No information is released without the knowledge and written consent of the student except for those rare instances where clinicians are required by law or by court order to reveal particular information. In an emergency situation where students demonstrate a high probability of harming themselves or others, the staff may be required to release information to ensure safety.

Understanding Your Protected Health Information (PHI)

When you visit us, a record is made of your symptoms, examination, test results, diagnoses, treatment plan, and other mental health or medical information. Your record is the physical property of the medical health care provider, the information within which belongs to you. Being aware of what is in your record will help you to make more informed decisions when authorizing disclosure to others.

Your mental health and/or medical record serves as:

  • a basis for planning your care and treatment

  • a means of communication among the health professionals who may contribute to your care

  • a legal document describing the care you received

  • a means by which you or a third-party payer can verify that services billed were actually provided

  • a source of information for public health officials charged with improving the health of the nation

  • a source of data for facility planning and marketing

  • a tool with which we can assess and continually work to improve the care we render and the outcomes we achieve.

Responsibilities of the Wilcox Health Center

We are required to:

  • Maintain the privacy of your protected health information (PHI) as required by law and provide you with notice of our legal duties and privacy practices with respect to the protected health information that we collect and maintain about you.

  • Abide by the terms of this notice currently in effect. We have the right to change our notice of privacy practices and to make the new provisions effective for all protected health information that we maintain, including that obtained prior to the change. Should our information practices change, we will post new changes in the reception room and provide you with a copy.

  • Notify you if we are unable to agree to a requested restriction.

  • Accommodate reasonable requests to communicate with you about protected health information by alternative means or at alternative locations. e.g. you may not want a family member to know that you are being seen at the Wilcox Health Center. Upon your request, we will communicate with you, if needed, at a different location.

  • Use or disclose your health information only with your authorization except as described in this notice.

Your Protected Health Information (PHI) Rights

You have the right to:

  • review and obtain a paper copy of the notice of information practices upon request and of your health information, except that you are not entitled to access, or to obtain a copy of, psychotherapy notes and a few other exceptions may apply. Copy charges may apply.

  • request and provide written authorization and permission to release information for purposes of outside treatment and health care operations. This authorization excludes psychotherapy notes and any audio/video tapes that may have been made with your permission when your mental health provider was a doctoral practicum student.

  • revoke your authorization in writing at any time to use, disclose, or restrict health information except to the extent that action has already been taken.

  • request a restriction on certain uses and disclosures of protected health information, but we are not required to agree to the restriction request. You should address your restriction request in writing to Wilcox Health Center by asking for an available form. We will notify you within 10 days if we cannot agree to the restriction.

  • request that we amend your health information by submitting a written request with the reasons supporting the request . We are not required to agree to the requested amendment.

  • obtain an accounting of disclosures of your health information for purposes other than treatment, payment, health care operations and certain other activities for the last six years but not before April 14, 2003.

  • request confidential communications of your health information by alternative means or at alternative locations.

Disclosures for Treatment, Payment and Health Operations

The Counseling and Wellness Center will use your PHI, with your consent, in the following circumstances:

Treatment: Information obtained by a nurse, physician, psychologist/counselor, dentist or other member of your health care team will be recorded in your record and used to determine the management and coordination of treatment that will be provided for you.

Disclosure to others outside of the CWC: If you give us a written authorization, you may revoke it in writing at any time but that revocation will not affect any use or disclosures permitted by your authorization while it was in effect. We will not use or disclose your health information without your authorization, except (as described below) to report serious threat to health or safety or child and adult abuse or neglect.

For payment, if applicable: We may send a bill to you or to your insurance carrier. The information on or accompanying the bill may include information that identifies you, as well as your diagnosis to obtain reimbursement for your health care or to determine eligibility or coverage.

For health care operations: Members of the mental health staff … or members of the quality improvement team … may use your information in your health record to assess the performance and operations of our services. e.g. sending a satisfaction follow up survey. This information will then be used in an effort to continually improve the quality and effectiveness of the mental health care and services we provide. At the time of your first appointment, you may be asked to sign a release so that we can mail you a follow up survey.

The Wilcox Health Center will use your PHI, without your consent or authorization, in the following circumstances:

Child Abuse: If we have reasonable cause to suspect that a child seen in the course of professional duties has been abused or neglected, or have reason to believe that a child seen in the course of my professional duties has been threatened with abuse or neglect, and that abuse or neglect of the child will occur, we must report this to the relevant county department, child welfare agency, police, or sheriff’s department.

Adult and Domestic Abuse: If we believe that an elder person is the victim of abuse, neglect or domestic violence or the possible victim of other crimes, we may report such information to the relevant county department or state official.

Serious Threat to Health or Safety: If we have reason to believe, exercising best judgment and our professional care and skill, that you may cause harm to yourself or another person, we may take steps, without your consent to notify or assist in notifying a family member, personal representative, or another person responsible for your care, your location, and general condition in order to protect you or another person from harm. This may include instituting commitment proceedings.

Judicial or administrative proceedings: If you are involved in a court proceeding and a request is made for information about your diagnosis and treatment and the records thereof, such information is privileged under state law and we will not release the information without written authorization from you or your personal or legally-appointed representative, or a subpoena/court order. The privilege does not apply when you are being evaluated by a third party or where the evaluation is court ordered.

As required by law for national security and law enforcement: We may disclose to military authorities the health information of Armed Forces personnel under certain circumstances. We may disclose to authorized federal officials health information required for lawful intelligence, counterintelligence and other national security activities. We may disclose health information for law enforcement purposes as required by law or in response to a valid subpoena.

Law/Health Oversight: As required by law we may disclose your health information. For example, if the Michigan Department of Regulation and Licensing requests that we release records to them in order for the Psychology Examining Board to investigate a complaint against a provider, we must comply with such a request.

Research: We may disclose health information to researchers when Alma College’s institutional review board has reviewed and approved the research proposal and established protocols to ensure the privacy of your health information.

Marketing: We may contact you to provide appointment reminders or information about treatment alternatives or other health-related benefits and services that may be of interest to you.

Worker’s Compensation: We may disclose health information to the extent authorized by you and to the extent necessary to comply with laws relating to workers compensation or other similar programs established by law; we may be required to testify.

As required by law for purposes of public health: e.g. as required by law, we may disclose your health information to public health or legal authorities charged with preventing or controlling disease, injury, or disability.

Student Educational Records: If you are a student and Michigan state law and the federal Family Educational Rights and Privacy Act of 1974 (FERPA) permit the disclosure to institutional officials with a need to know, we may so disclose your personal health information to those persons. The privacy of student educational records is governed by FERPA. Wisconsin state law also restricts the disclosures of student mental health information that may be made without your written authorization or consent and we will abide by those restrictions. FERPA policies may be found in the Alma College student handbook.

Business Associates: There are some services provided through the CWC through contacts with business associates. Examples include computer support for our scheduling system. When these services are contracted, we may disclose your health information to our business associate so they can perform the job we’ve asked them to do. Business associates will safeguard your information.

For More Information or to Report a Problem

If you have questions and would like additional information, please ask your clinician. He/she will provide you with additional information or put you in contact with the designated CWC Privacy Officer, Anne Lambrecht, Director of the Counseling and Health Services.

If you are concerned that your privacy rights have been violated, or if you disagree with a decision we have made about access to your health information, or if you would like to make a request to amend or restrict the use or disclosure of your health information, you may contact the Privacy Officer or Damon Brown, Vice President for Student Affairs. If you believe that your privacy rights have been violated, you can also file a complaint with the Secretary of the U.S. Department of Health and Human Services. We will provide you with the address for filing a complaint with the U.S. Department of Health and Human Services upon request.

The Wilcox Health Center respects your right to the privacy of your health information. There will be no retaliation in any way for filing a complaint with us or the U.S. Department of Health and Human Services.