The course focuses on the molecular structure of cells and how those structures permit and constrain cell functions. BIO 221 answers questions regarding how cells function from protein, lipid, and organellar trafficking, chromatin organization, and cytoskeletal function, to cell division mechanics. Course includes clinical correlates involving many common disease conditions including cancer, cystic fibrosis, lysosomal storage diseases, Creutzfeldt-Jakob Disease, and muscular dystrophy. Laboratory includes in vitro cell culturing experience and basic molecular techniques. Laboratory. Course fee.