SECONDARY EDUCATION MAJOR REQUIREMENTS
The Secondary Education Major may only be completed with another valid Alma College Teaching Major. Some certification endorsement areas require an additional Teaching Major or Teaching Minor. All teacher candidates are strongly encouraged to complete at least one additional subject area for certification.
The Secondary Education Major consists of at least 36 credits of a required Professional Sequence of Education courses:
- EDC-130 (2 cr) concurrent with EDC-103 (1 cr).
- EDC-230 (3 cr) concurrent with EDC-203 (1 cr); EDC-240 (4 cr).
- EDC-311 (1 cr); EDC-312 (1 cr); EDC-303 (1 cr); EDC-346 (4cr); 370 (2 cr); 373 (3 cr) (except for Special Education major). Prerequisites include Admission to the Teacher Education Program.
- EDC-430S (3 cr) with EDC-490S (5 cr) and 491S (5 cr). Prerequisites include successful completion of all other courses of Secondary Education Major and Admission to Student Teaching.
- Candidates are required to take a teaching methods course for each endorsement.
- A minimum of thirty student contact hours in a classroom setting, within the content area of each endorsement, are required.
Michigan Secondary Standard Certification Requirements
This certificate allows teaching in grades 6-12 in subjects in which the candidate has an endorsement. To be recommended for certification, the candidate must complete the following:
- The Secondary Education Major, requirements listed above, with a 2.5 GPA and no Education course may be taken Pass/Fail, except for 1 credit placement classes, or be graded below a 2.0 (C).
- A Teaching Major with a 2.75 GPA. Additional endorsement areas for certification must also be met with a 2.75 GPA.
- An overall cumulative GPA of 2.75.
- Students must also pass the appropriate MTTC subject area test. To be recommended for certification in an additional endorsement area, candidates must also pass the appropriate MTTC subject area test in that subject. For initial certification, MTTC subject-area passing scores will remain valid for five years.
- Students must provide proof of valid CPR and First Aid cards as required by the Michigan Department of Education.
Social Studies Additional Endorsement (Group Major - Secondary)
All Secondary Teaching students who wish to add a Social Studies Endorsement must also complete a Teaching Major in History.
Forty-eight credits which must include:
- ECN-111 (4 cr) and 112 (4 cr)
- GGR-101 (2 cr), 102 (2 cr), and 201 (4 cr)
- POL-101 (4 cr) and 121 (4 cr)
- HST-100 (4 cr), 101 (4 cr), 104 (4 cr), 105 (4 cr), and 206 (4 cr)
- EDC-445S (4 cr)
- For certification, take and pass the MTTC Social Studies test. No course graded below 2.0 (C) may count toward a Social Studies Group Major; a 2.75 GPA is required.
Special Education - Learning Disabilities Major (Secondary or Elementary)
Thirty-six credits, which must include:
- EDC-151, 152, 250, 255, 205, 301, 374, 375, 376, 504, 505, 506;
- For certification, take and pass the MTTC Special Education - Learning Disabilities test.
- For Secondary Education majors, a candidate must complete the Secondary Education Program, a content endorsement area, and the Special Education Program to become endorsed in learning disabilities.
- No course graded below 2.0 (C) may count toward a Special Education Major; 2.75 GPA is required. Mathematics and English are recommended as the content endorsements for Special Education Majors.
The Michigan State Board of Education certifies all teachers. Alma College is authorized to recommend to the State Board those students who have completed a bachelor’s degree, passed state required Subject Tests in endorsement areas, and successfully fulfilled all requirements of the Teacher Education Program. The Education Department offers majors and minors leading to teacher certification. The Department also offers a non-certification Educational Studies Major and Minor and Special Education Minor. Certification requirements are subject to change by action of the State Board of Education and may not be reflected in this catalog.
Teaching Major and Minor Requirements: Requirements for Teaching Majors and Minors are in the subject area department listings; requirements for group majors or minors are listed in the Education Department listing. Student should consult with the Education Department about requirements.
Graduation Requirements: Students who are in the Teacher Education Certification Program shall only be deemed as satisfying graduation requirements when all required courses for certification are complete.
Students may achieve honors in Education by:
- Earning a 3.5 GPA in an Education major (elementary education, secondary education, or educational studies) and a 3.3 overall cumulative GPA.
- Performing at a superior level in the culminating departmental experience of student teaching (EDC 490 / 491) or an educational studies internship (EDC-470).
- Preparing a senior thesis of honors caliber and presenting it at an appropriate public forum.
Classroom Placement Students - Background Check
Michigan school districts require anyone who has contact with children in their school buildings, including staff or volunteers, to provide the district with documentation of central registry clearance. All students who have an Education course with a classroom placement must have a background check completed at the Department of Health and Human Services (DHHS) prior to beginning in their assigned classroom. This is free of charge, and DHHS records must be current. See the Education Department for more details. School Districts may require additional screenings.
Student Teacher Fingerprinting Procedure
The Education Department requires fingerprinting of student teachers. All student teachers must have the Criminal Background Check Livescan fingerprinting procedure completed by August 1 or prior to beginning student teaching in their assigned district. Livescan must be completed at a Michigan Department of Education-approved site and is a statewide procedure. A fee is charged for this service, and fingerprint records must remain valid throughout your student teaching period. See the Education Department for more details.
Admission to the Teacher Education Program (TEP)
The Education Department reviews all applicants and judges their suitability for entrance to the program during the student’s sophomore year; students who decide to seek teacher certification after the sophomore year can be admitted late but may require extra time to complete the program. For full approval students must have the following:
- A completed application (on Tk20) for admission to the TEP submitted by the deadline.
- A cumulative GPA of at least 3.0.
- Demonstrate proficiency in writing and mathematics as determined by Alma College.
- Provide scores in reading, math, and writing on a nationally normed assessment.
- Evidence that the applicant has dispositions conducive to success in the teaching profession (as indicated by disposition assessment forms, Student Life reports, the recommendation of the Education Department, and a Felony Conviction Statement confirming that the student has not been convicted of any act contributing to the delinquency of a minor or involving moral turpitude).
- Good standing - student life.
- All majors(s) and minor(s) must be declared through the Registrar’s Office at the time of TEP application.
Be aware that these requirements are subject to change in accordance with state or national accreditation mandates.
Admission to Student Teaching
The Education Department reviews a student for admission to Student Teaching. For full approval, students must have the following:
- Admission to the Teacher Education Program
- A formal application for student teaching submitted by November 15 of the academic year prior to student teaching.
- A 2.75 overall cumulative GPA.
- For secondary: a GPA in the Teaching Major(s) of 2.75; if applicable, a C or above in all classes in the Social Studies and Special Education endorsements.
- For elementary: a GPA in the Teaching Major(s) of 2.5 with C or above in all courses (2.75 required for K-12 Special Education - Learning Disabilities major)
- A 2.5 GPA in Education courses and a grade of C or above in all courses.
- In compliance with State of Michigan specifications, satisfactory demonstration of:
- high academic achievement
- successful group work with children in classroom placements
- knowledge of research-based teaching
- Evidence that the applicant has dispositions conducive to success in the teaching profession (as indicated by disposition assessment forms, the recommendation of the Education Department, and a Felony Conviction Statement confirming that the student has not been convicted of any act contributing to the delinquency of a minor or involving moral turpitude).
- Admission to the Teacher Education Program is a prerequisite for all classes at the 300 level and above for certification candidates.
- Note on scheduling: it is expected that students attempt no more than 45 hours in placement class/es in any semester.
- Once approved for the student teaching internship, the requirements must be retained in order to begin the student teaching term.
- Student teachers may not participate in significant non-teaching activities such as arts or sports without securing prior written approval from the Education Department.
EDC103.Foundations of Secondary Education1 creditPrerequisite: EDC-130 concurrentlyA 40-hour field experience to provide hands-on, realistic yet transitional experience/opportunity for those interested in teaching at the high school or middle school level. Must take EDC-130 concurrently. Fall/Winter.
EDC130.Foundations of Secondary Education2 creditsPrerequisite: EDC-103 concurrentlyA beginning course that is meant to help the pre-service teacher understand the realities of teaching and the education profession in general. A foundation to assist the student in making a better, more informed career choice about becoming a secondary teacher while also providing cases that secondary teachers must effectively face every day. Required for secondary certification. Fall/Winter.
EDC180.Issues and Ideas in Education2-4 creditsSurvey of topics to broaden understanding of teaching and learning. Open to prospective teachers and others interested in education in the United States or in other societies. Course fee.
EDC190.Field Experience in Education1 creditArranged assignment in an education setting intended to enhance a student’s understanding of teaching and learning. Requires instructor permission.
EDC203.Child Development and Education - Field1 creditPrerequisite: Sophomore StandingA 40-hour placement in classrooms concurrent with EDC-230. Provides an introduction to the professional roles and responsibilities of teaching all children. Students will be placed in a “home” classroom and work closely with that teacher to observe, assist, and work closely with students applying psychology principles and learning theories. Fall/Winter
EDC230.Child Development and Education3 creditsPrerequisite: Sophomore Standing; EDC-203 concurrentlyAn overview of psychological theories and research applied to classroom learning. The course includes study of concepts in human development - cognitive, affective, physical, emotional, moral, and social; study of learning, motivation, and assessment; developmentally appropriate practice; an overview of processes of human development in childhood and adolescence with a focus on socialization and education; and study of the influences of family, community, and culture on education. Required for elementary and secondary certification. Fall/Winter
EDC240.Learning Env and Reflective Teaching4 creditsPrerequisite: Sophomore StandingExamination of characteristics of productive classroom learning environments. Analysis of cases of teaching and learning; evaluation of instructional strategies and activities, technologies, and resources that enhance learning for all learners; planning for classroom management. Includes peer teaching. Required for elementary and secondary certification. Fall/Winter
EDC303.Secondary Ed Methods and Experience1 creditPrerequisite: TEP Approval; completion of or concurrent enrollment in EDC-311Topics and issues in instructional planning, teaching, and assessment are explored in-depth and with particular emphasis on secondary education and specific subject areas. Students spend 30 hours in secondary classroom placements, working in their major(s) content areas, and will have specialized teaching methods support in those subjects with an emphasis on best practices. Required for secondary certification. Fall only. (Specific topics offered as EDC-303B, EDC-303E, EDC-303H, EDC-303MA, EDC-303MU, EDC-303PE, EDC-303S).
EDC303A.Secondary Ed Methods: Add’l Endorsement1 creditPrerequisite: TEP approval; completion of or concurrent enrollment in EDC-311Topics in instructional planning, teaching, and assessment are explored in-depth for specific subject areas. Required for secondary certification in Teaching Minors or additional Teaching Majors.
EDC311.Topics Seminar A1 creditPrerequisite: TEP Approval or EDS Major or Minor; EDC 301, 361, and 363 concurrently for Elementary majors; EDC-303 concurrently for Secondary majors.Introduction to issues and topics in instructional planning, differentiation, and instructional strategies. Required for elementary and secondary certification, and EDS major and minor. Fall only.
EDC312.Topics Seminar B1 creditPrerequisite: TEP Approval or EDS Major or Minor; EDC-302, 360, and 362 concurrently for Elementary majors.Introduction to issues and topics in the historical context of schooling and current issues in education, assessment, and the professional roles of educators. Required for elementary and secondary certification, and EDS major and minor. Winter only.
EDC346.Teaching Reading in Middle & Senior High4 creditsPrerequisite: TEP ApprovalSurvey of strategies for teaching, diagnosing and improving word recognition, comprehension and study skills. Survey of student language needs and program planning for reading instruction at the middle and senior high school levels. May include a service learning component. Required for secondary certification. Fall only.
EDC370.Instructional and Assistive Technology2 creditsPrerequisite: TEP Approval or EDS MajorBuilds on basic skills and knowledge demonstrated through successful completion of Technology Modules so that students are well prepared to use technology effectively and appropriately for multiple purposes in their teaching. Students learn to use technological tools, operations, and concepts to enhance learning and assessment, productivity, communication, and professional development. Students learn about the ethical, legal, physical, and psychological issues and principles of technology use in schools. Students utilize technology for curriculum planning and for instruction, including on-line learning experiences. Students learn to use assistive technologies to enhance the learning of all children in ways that best meet individual needs. Required for elementary and secondary certification.
EDC373.Special Education for Classroom Teachers3 creditsPrerequisite: TEP ApprovalIntroduction to the teaching of exceptional students. Review of historical and legal issues in special education. Characteristics of exceptional learners, birth through adolescence. Examination of materials and methodology appropriate for instructing exceptional learners in inclusive classrooms. Includes eight-hour practicum. Required for elementary and secondary certification (except Special Education major). Winter only.
EDC385.Education Practicum1 creditRequires instructor permission.
EDC399.Education Independent Study1 creditPrerequisite: Junior Standing; PermissionIndividual investigation of an educational problem planned with faculty in Alma’s Education Department.
EDC430S.Student Teaching Seminar - Secondary3 creditsPrerequisite: TEP Approval; ST Approval; Take EDC-490S and EDC-491S concurrentlyReflection on student teaching and professional issues. Classroom inquiry and analysis; self-reflection and professional development plans; representation in portfolio, web and interviews; legal and ethical issues. Required for secondary certification. Note: Students must be approved for student teaching and have completed all core education and teaching major/minor courses prior to beginning student teaching. See department for exceptions.
EDC445F.Methods in World Languages E/S2 creditsPrerequisite: TEP ApprovalStudents spend 30 hours in a language classroom placement specific to the student’s major and level (elementary or secondary) and will have specialized teaching methods support in World Languages with an emphasis on instructional planning, teaching, and assessment. Required for elementary (K-5) and secondary (6-12) World Language certification.
EDC445S.Secondary Methods in Social Studies4 creditsPrerequisite: TEP ApprovalSurvey of special teaching methods in student’s major field of social studies. Required for secondary social studies certification.
EDC480.Topics in Education2-4 creditsPrerequisite: PermissionSurvey of a selected topic chosen for study. May be taken more than once for credit.
EDC490S.Directed Teaching - Secondary5 creditsPrerequisite: TEP and ST ApprovalTeaching under the direction of a cooperating teacher in the public schools. Applications must be filed by November 15 of the academic year prior to directed teaching. Required for secondary certification. Fall/Winter.
EDC491S.Directed Teaching - Secondary5 creditsPrerequisite: TEP and ST ApprovalTeaching under the direction of a cooperating teacher in the public schools. Applications must be filed by November 15 of the academic year prior to directed teaching. Required for secondary certification. Fall/Winter.
EDC499.Education Independent Study4 creditsPrerequisite: Senior Standing, EDC or EDS major, and PermissionIndividual investigation of an educational problem or development of a creative, usable project.
EDC500.Senior Thesis2-4 creditsPrerequisite: PermissionRequired for departmental honors.