Education

Requirements & Courses

  • The Michigan State Board of Education certifies all teachers. Alma College is authorized to recommend to the State Board those students who have completed a bachelor’s degree, passed state required Subject Area Tests in teaching majors and minors, and successfully fulfilled all requirements of the Teacher Education Program. The Education Department offers majors leading to elementary or secondary certification. The Department also offers a non-certification Educational Studies Major and Minor.

    Certification requirements are subject to change by action of the State Board of Education and may not be reflected in this catalog.

  • Teaching Major and Minor Requirements: Requirements for Teaching Majors and Minors are in the subject area department listings. Requirements for group majors or minors are listed in the Education Department listing and students should consult with the Education Department Chair about requirements. Majors and minors not listed here are not approved for certification. (These requirements are subject to change and reflect compliance with the standards and rules established by the Michigan State Board of Education.)

    Graduation Requirements: Students who are in the elementary or secondary Teacher Education Certification Program shall only be deemed as satisfying graduation requirements when all required education courses for certification are complete.

  • Alma students may seek either secondary or elementary certification. For certification purposes, students are responsible for completing teaching majors and minors, including secondary or elementary majors, as described at the time of declaration of that major/minor.

  • SECONDARY EDUCATION MAJOR REQUIREMENTS

    The Secondary Education Major may only be completed with another valid Alma College teaching major. Some certification endorsement areas require an additional teaching major. All teacher candidates are strongly encouraged to complete at least one additional subject area for certification. 

    The Secondary Education Major consists of 36 credits of a required Professional Sequence of Education courses:

    1. EDC-130 (2 cr) with 103 (1 cr).
    2. EDC-230 (3 cr) with 203 (1 cr); EDC 240 (4 cr).
    3. EDC-311 (1 cr); 312 (1 cr); 303 (1 cr); EDC-346 (4 cr); 370 (2 cr); 373 (3 cr) (except for Special Education major). Prerequisites include Admission to the Teacher Education Program.
    4. EDC-430S (3 cr) with 490S and 491S (10 cr). Prerequisites include successful completion of all other courses of Secondary Education Major and Admission to Student Teaching.
  • Michigan Secondary Standard Certification Requirements

    This certificate allows teaching in grades 6-12 in subjects in which the candidate has a teaching major, minor or additional endorsement. To be recommended for certification, the candidate must complete the following:

    1. The Secondary Education Major, requirements listed above, with a 2.5 GPA and no Education course may be taken Pass/Fail, except for 1 credit placement classes, or be graded below a 2.0 (C).
    2. A Teaching Major with a 2.75 GPA. Additional endorsement areas for certification must also be met with a 2.75 GPA.
    3. An overall cumulative GPA of 2.75.
    4. Students must also pass the appropriate MTTC subject area test in their subject area major. To be recommended for certification in an additional endorsement area, candidates must also pass the appropriate MTTC subject area test in that subject. For initial certification, MTTC subject-area passing scores will remain valid for five years.
    5. Students must provide proof of valid CPR and First Aid cards as required by the Michigan Department of Education.
  • Secondary Teaching Endorsements (Majors and Minors)

    Alma College offers the following teaching majors and/or minors for students seeking secondary certification:

    • Biology (major or minor)
    • Business, Management, Marketing and Technology (major only)
    • Chemistry (major or minor)
    • English (major or minor)
    • History (major only)
    • Mathematics (major or minor)
    • Music (K-12 comprehensive major only)
    • Physical Education (major only; see EDC department)
    • Physics (major or minor)
    • Social Studies (additional endorsement, group major, must also complete History major; see EDC Department for advising)
    • Spanish (major)
    • Special Education — Learning Disabilities (K-12 major only)
  • Social Studies Additional Endorsement (Group Major - Secondary)

    All Secondary Teaching students who wish to add a Social Studies Endorsement must also complete a major in History. Students MUST see the Education Department for advising on this major.

    Forty-eight credits which must include:

    1. ECN-111 (4 cr) and 112 (4 cr)
    2. GGR-101 (2 cr), 102 (2 cr), and 201 (4 cr)
    3. POL-101 (4 cr) and 121 (4 cr)
    4. HST-100 (4 cr), 101 (4 cr), 104 (4 cr), 105 (4 cr), and 206 (4 cr) (students may double count up to two of the above HST courses for the HST teaching major and the SST group teaching major)
    5. EDC-445S (4 cr)
    6. For certification, take and pass the MTTC Social Studies test.

    No course graded below 2.0 (C) may count toward a Social Studies Group Major; a 2.75 GPA is required.

  • Special Education — Learning Disabilities Endorsement (K-12 Major only) (Secondary or Elementary)

    Thirty-six credits which must include:

    1. EDC-150 (2 cr) with 105 (1 cr)
    2. EDC-250 (3 cr) with 205 (1 cr)
    3. EDC-255 (4 cr), 350 (4 cr), 355 (4 cr)
    4. EDC-450 (3 cr) with 405 (1 cr)
    5. EDC-453 (4 cr) and EDC-455 (3 cr) with 495 (6 cr)
    6. For certification, take and pass the MTTC Special Education — Learning Disabilities test.

    No course graded below 2.0 (C) may count toward a Special Education — Learning Disabilities K-12 Major; a 2.75 GPA is required.

    Special Education majors do not take EDC-373. It is possible for secondary majors to complete the Special Education major without an additional teaching major / minor; however, it is not recommended. 

  • Additional Requirements

    In addition to completing appropriate coursework in the Education Department and in the teaching major, students must meet Alma College graduation requirements and demonstrate personal characteristics suitable for entering the teaching profession.

  • ELEMENTARY EDUCATION MAJOR REQUIREMENTS

    The Michigan Department of Education (MDE) has approved two program options for elementary education at Alma College. To be recommended, the candidate must complete 60 credits of EDC courses, consisting of 36 credits of professional sequence courses and 24 credits of Elementary Education Content and Pedagogy courses.

    1. Professional Sequence (36 cr)
      • EDC-100 (2 cr), 120 (2 cr)
      • EDC-203 (1 cr) with 230 (3 cr); EDC-240 (4 cr)
      • EDC-301 (1 cr) with 311 (1 cr)
      • EDC-302 (1 cr) with 312 (1 cr)
      • EDC-370 (2 cr), 373 (3 cr), (except for Special Education major), 400 (2 cr)
      • EDC-430E (3 cr) with 490E/491E (10 cr)
    2. Elementary Education Content and Pedagogy (24 cr)
      • EDC-160 (4 cr); 262 (4 cr)
      • EDC-360 (3 cr) with 362 (3 cr)
      • EDC-361 (3 cr) with 363 (3 cr)
      • EDC-460 (4 cr)
  • Michigan Elementary Standard Certification Requirements

    This certificate permits teaching in grades K-5 all subjects and K-8 self-contained classrooms, and, if desired, 6-8 in a content area minor or major.

    Elementary Education majors may complete certification requirements for Option 1: Core Subject OR Option 2: Comprehensive Major.

    Students may elect to add an endorsement from either Option in addition to completing Option 1 or Option 2.

    ELEMENTARY OPTION 1: Core Subject must include all of the following:

    1. Elementary Education Major — 60 credits of required EDC courses including 36 credits of Professional Sequence courses and 24 credits of Elementary Education Content and Pedagogy courses (see above). A 2.5 GPA is required for the Elementary Education certification major and no course for certification may be taken Pass/Fail, except for 1 credit placement classes, or be graded below a 2.0 (C).
    2. Either a Teaching Major or two Teaching Minors selected from the following:
      1. Social Studies Group Major.
      2. Integrated Science Group Major or Group Minor.
      3. Language Arts Group Major or Group Minor.
      4. Elementary Mathematics Major or Minor
      A 2.5 GPA is required for each certification major and/or minor and no course required for certification may be taken Pass/Fail or be graded below a 2.0 (C).
    3. As Cognates, a Planned Program of Elementary Education Content courses which must include the following:
      • MTH-202 (4 cr)
      • HUM-110 (4 cr)
      • HST-104, 121 or 254 (American History, 4 cr)
      • IPH-271A (2 cr)
      • BIO-101 (4 cr)
      • HST-206 (4 cr)
      • ENG-225 (4 cr) 
      • PSC-101 (4 cr) (Note: Integrated Science majors/minors take other required courses)
      No cognate course required for certification may be taken Pass/Fail or be graded below a 2.0 (C).
    4. An overall GPA of 2.75 is required for Alma College to recommend a student for certification.
    5. The MTTC Test in Elementary Education (passing score required for certification). Note: Elementary candidates must pass State tests in their Specialty Area Endorsement (major or minor) to be certified in these areas. For initial certification, MTTC subject-area passing scores will remain valid for five years.
    6. Students must provide proof of valid CPR and First Aid cards as required by the Michigan Department of Education for certification.
  • Language Arts Major (Elementary only)

    Forty credits which must include:

    1. ENG-120 (4 cr), 190 (4 cr), 225 (4 cr); EDC-160 (4 cr); four credits of any 300-level literature course
    2. Four credits in Literature from: ENG-250 (4 cr), 251 (4 cr), 260 (4 cr), 261 (4 cr)
    3. Eight credits in Writing from: ENG-201 (4 cr), 202 (4 cr), 210 (4 cr), 220 (4 cr), 270 (4 cr), 291 (4 cr), 293 (4 cr)
    4. Four credits in Communication Arts from: COM-101 (4 cr), 111 (4 cr); NMS-201 (4 cr)
    5. Four credits in Multicultural and Interpersonal perspectives from: COM-123 (4 cr), 220 (4 cr), 201 (4 cr); ENG-240 (4 cr), 241 (4 cr), 367 (4 cr), 368 (4 cr), 381 (4 cr)
    6. For certification, take and pass the MTTC Language Arts test.
  • Language Arts Minor (Elementary only)

    Twenty-eight credits which must include:

    1. ENG-120 (4 cr); 225 (4 cr); and COM 220 (4 cr)
    2. ENG-250 (4 cr), 251 (4 cr), 260 (4 cr) or 261 (4 cr)
    3. ENG-201 (4 cr), 210 (4 cr), or another writing class approved by the English Department
    4. COM-101 (4 cr), 111 (4 cr), 123 (4 cr), or 227 (4 cr)
    5. EDC-160 (4 cr)
    6. For certification, take and pass the MTTC Language Arts test.
  • Integrated Science Group Major (Elementary only)

    Forty credits which must include:

    1. BIO-101 (4 cr) and 121 (4 cr); CHM-103 (4 cr); PHY-112 (4 cr); ENV-105 (4 cr) and 110 (4 cr); GEO-113 (4 cr); PSC-380 (4 cr).
    2. Two elective classes from: ENV-380 (4 cr); GEO-101 (4 cr), PHY-101 (4 cr) or 113 (4 cr), BIO-309 (4 cr), only one 399 (4 cr) Independent Study allowed from one of the following departments: ENV, GEO, CHM, BIO, BCM, IPH, CSC; or other four-credit class approved by the Education Department.
    3. For certification, take and pass the MTTC Integrated Science test.
  • Integrated Science Group Minor (Elementary only)

    Twenty-eight credits which must include:

    1. BIO-101 (4 cr) and 121 (4 cr); CHM-103 (4 cr); ENV-110 (4 cr); GEO-113 (4 cr); PSC-380 (4 cr)
    2. One elective class from ENV-105 (4 cr), GEO-101 (4 cr) or other four-credit class approved by the Education Department.
    3. For certification, take and pass the MTTC Integrated Science test.
  • Social Studies Group Major (Elementary only)

    Forty-four credits which must include:

    1. ECN-111 (4 cr) and 112 (4 cr)
    2. POL-101 (4 cr) and 121 (4 cr)
    3. GGR -101 (2 cr), 102 (2 cr), and 201 (4 cr)
    4. HST-100 (4 cr), 101 (4 cr), 104 (4 cr), 105 (4 cr), and 206 (4 cr)
    5. For certification, take and pass the MTTC Social Studies test.
  • Mathematics Major (Elementary)

    See MTH Department course listings.

  • Mathematics Minor (Elementary)

    See MTH Department course listings.

  • Additional Requirements

    In addition to completing appropriate coursework in the Education Department and in the majors and minors, students must meet Alma College graduation requirements and demonstrate personal characteristics suitable for entering the teaching profession.

     

    ELEMENTARY OPTION 2: Comprehensive Major must include all of the following:

    1. Elementary Education Major — 60 credits of required EDC courses including: 36 credits of Professional Sequence courses and 24 credits of Elementary Education Content and Pedagogy courses (see above). A 2.5 GPA is required for the Elementary Education certification major and no course for certification may be taken Pass/Fail, except for 1 credit placement classes, or be graded below a 2.0 (C).
    2. Either a Teaching Major in Spanish (36 cr), or a Minor in Early Childhood (ZS) (24 cr), or a K-12 major in Special Education — Learning Disabilities (36 cr). No course for certification may be taken Pass/Fail, except for 1 credit placement classes, or be graded below a 2.0 (C).A 2.5 GPA is required for each certification major and/or minor, except the K-12 Special Education - Learning Disabilities major, which requires a 2.75 GPA.
    3. As Cognates, a Comprehensive Program of 30 credits of required Elementary Education Content courses which must include the following:
      No course required for certification may be taken Pass/Fail or be graded below a 2.0 (C).
      • BIO-101 (4 cr)
      • PSC-101 (4 cr)
      • MTH-202 (4 cr)
      • HST-104, 121 or 254 (4 cr)
      • HST-206 (4 cr)
      • HUM-110 (4 cr)
      • IPH-271A (2 cr)
      • ENG-225 (4 cr)
    4. An overall GPA of 2.75 is required for Alma College to recommend a student for certification.
    5. The MTTC Test in Elementary Education (passing score required for certification). Note: Elementary candidates must pass State tests in their Specialty Area Endorsement (major or minor) to be certified in these areas. For initial certification, MTTC subject-area passing scores will remain valid for five years.
    6. Students must provide proof of valid CPR and First Aid cards as required by the Michigan Department of Education for certification.
  • Early Childhood - General and Special Education Minor (ZS) (Elementary only)

    Twenty-four credits which must include:

    1. EDC-183 (4 cr)
    2. EDC-281 (4 cr)
    3. EDC-282 (2 cr)
    4. EDC-283 (1 cr)
    5. EDC-383 (4 cr)
    6. EDC-493 (5 cr)
    7. SOC-220 (4 cr)
    8. For certification, take and pass the MTTC Early Childhood Education test.
  • Special Education — Learning Disabilities (K-12 Major only) (Secondary or Elementary)

    Thirty-six credits which must include:

    1. EDC-150 (2 cr) with 105 (1 cr).
    2. EDC-250 (3 cr) with 205 (1 cr).
    3. EDC-255 (4 cr), 350 (4 cr), 355 (4 cr).
    4. EDC-450 (3 cr) with 405 (1 cr).
    5. EDC-453 (4 cr) and EDC-455 (3 cr) with 495 (6 cr).
    6. For certification, take and pass the MTTC Special Education — Learning Disabilities test.

    No course graded below 2.0 (C) may count toward a Special Education — Learning Disabilities K-12 Major; a 2.75 GPA is required.

  • Additional Requirements

    In addition to completing appropriate coursework in the Education Department and in the majors and minors, students must meet Alma College graduation requirements and demonstrate personal characteristics suitable for entering the teaching profession.

  • Classroom Placement Students — Background Check

    Michigan school districts require anyone who has contact with children in their school buildings, including staff or volunteers, to provide the district with documentation that he or she has not been placed on the central registry for substantiated abuse or neglect. All students who have an Education course with a classroom placement must have a background check completed at the Department of Health and Human Services (DHHS) prior to beginning in their assigned classroom. This is free of charge and DHHS records must be current. See the Education Department for more details. 

  • Student Teachers — Fingerprinting Procedure

    School districts require fingerprinting of student teachers. All student teachers must have the Criminal Background Check Livescan fingerprinting procedure completed by July 15 prior to beginning student teaching in their assigned district. Livescan must be completed at a Michigan Department of Education-approved site and is a statewide procedure. A fee is charged for this service and fingerprint records must be valid within one year. See the Education Department for more details.

  • Admission to the Teacher Education Program (TEP)

    The Education Department reviews all applicants and judges their suitability for entrance to the program during the student’s sophomore year. For full approval students must have the following:

    1. Formal application for admission to the TEP, including completion of a writing component (TEP essay), submitted by the January deadline. Information about the writing component, completed during Fall term, will be available from the Education Department. If you have any questions, please see the Chair of the Education Department. (Students who decide to seek teacher certification after the sophomore year can be admitted late but may require extra time to complete the program).
    2. A cumulative GPA of at least 3.0
    3. ENG 101 with a grade of C or above and MTH 100, or demonstrate proficiency by placement into a higher level course.
    4. Scores meeting accreditation requirements in reading, math, and writing on a nationally normed assessment.
    5. Evidence that the student is making an effort to acquire competence in the humanities, natural sciences, and social sciences.
    6. Evidence that the applicant has personal characteristics conducive to success in the teaching profession (as indicated by disposition assessment forms, the recommendation of the Education Department, and a Felony Conviction Statement confirming that the student has not been convicted of any act contributing to the delinquency of a minor or involving moral turpitude).
    7. Good standing - academic and student life.
    8. Passing scores for content and writing on the TEP essay.

    Please be aware that these requirements are subject to change in accordance with state or national accreditation mandates. All major(s) and minor(s) must be declared through the Registrar’s Office at the time of TEP application.

  • Admission to Student Teaching

    The Education Department reviews a student for admission to Directed Teaching (Education 490-491). For full approval students must have the following:

    1. Admission to the Teacher Education Program.
    2. A formal application for student teaching submitted by November 15 of the academic year prior to student teaching.
    3. A 2.75 overall GPA.
    4. For secondary: a GPA in the area(s) of concentration - Teaching Major(s) of 2.75; if applicable, a C or above in all classes in the Social Studies endorsement.
    5. For elementary: a GPA in the Teaching Major(s) of 2.5 with C or above in all courses (2.75 required for K-12 Special Education - Learning Disabilities major)
    6. A 2.5 GPA in Education courses and a grade of C or above in all courses.
    7. In compliance with State of Michigan specifications, satisfactory demonstration of
      • high academic achievement.
      • successful group work with children in classroom placements.
      • knowledge of research-based teaching.
      • working knowledge of modern technology and use of computers
  • Additional Notes
    1. Admission to the Teacher Education Program is a prerequisite for all classes at the 300 level and above for certification candidates.
    2. Note on scheduling: it is expected that students take no more than one placement class in any semester.
    3. Once approved for student teaching, the requirements must be retained in order to begin the student teaching term.
  • EDUCATIONAL STUDIES MAJOR

    The Educational Studies Major is designed for those interested in education in a variety of fields but who are not currently interested in earning teacher certification.

    Thirty-six credits which must include at least 15 upper level credits and must include:

    1. Core courses (13 or 14 credits):
      • EDC-100 (2 cr) and 120 (2 cr) or 103 (1 cr) with 130 (2 cr); EDC-203 (1 cr) with 230 (3 cr).
      • EDC-311 (1 cr) and 312 (1 cr); 370 (2 cr) OR 373 (3 cr); 400 (2 cr).
    2. Concentration of at least 12 credits in one of the following or a concentration approved by the department:
      Capstone: EDC-470 (5 cr) internship/experience in an appropriate setting as approved by the department.
      • Child Development: EDC-160 (4 cr), 183 (4 cr), 281 (4 cr), 282 (2 cr), 283 (1 cr), 373 (3 cr) or 150 (2 cr) with 105 (1 cr), 383 (4 cr) or approved courses.
      • Special Needs: Select from EDC-150 (2 cr) with 105 (1 cr), 250 (3 cr) with 205 (1 cr), 255 (4 cr), 350 (4 cr), 355 (4 cr), 450 (3 cr) with 405 (1 cr) 460 (4 cr), or approved courses.
      • Literacy: Select from  EDC-160 (4 cr), 346 (4 cr), 360 (3 cr), 460 (4 cr), or approved courses.
      • Pedagogy: Select from EDC-262 (4 cr), 301 (1 cr), 302 (1 cr), 303 (1 cr), 354 (4 cr), 360 (3 cr), 361 (3 cr), 362 (3 cr), 363 (3 cr), 373 (3 cr), 383 (4 cr), 460 (4 cr) or approved courses.
    3. Electives in EDC courses or other courses approved by the Education Department.
  • Educational Studies Minor

    The Educational Studies Minor is for those interested in education in a variety of fields, but who are not currently interested in earning teacher certification. Twenty-four credits which must include:

    1. Core Courses:
      • EDC-100 (2 cr) and 120 (2 cr) or EDC-103 (1 cr) with 130 (2 cr).
      • EDC-311 (1 cr) and 312 (1 cr).
    2. Electives in EDC courses or other courses selected in consultation with, and approved by the Education Department.
    3. At least eight upper level credits must be included in the minor.

Courses

  • EDC
    100
    .
    Introduction to Diverse Learners
    2 credits
    An introduction to learners and learning. Students reflect upon their own schooling and learning experiences, applying the different perspectives and theories on learning introduced in the course. Students will consider the diversity of learning styles, aptitudes, interests, intelligences, and diverse learner backgrounds. They will begin to consider the role and responsibilities of classroom teachers towards all learners, thus developing understandings they will build on throughout the program. Required for elementary certification. Fall/Winter.
  • EDC
    103
    .
    Foundations of Secondary Education
    1 credit
    Prerequisite: EDC-130 concurrently
    A 40-hour field experience to provide hands-on, realistic yet transitional experience/opportunity for those interested in teaching at the high school or middle school level. Must take EDC-130 concurrently. Fall/Winter
  • EDC
    105
    .
    Introduction to Special Education-Field
    1 credit
    Prerequisite: EDC-150 concurrently
    Learn to identify patterns of students’ strengths and weaknesses, and specify intervention strategies to assist in learning. Introduction to the process of developing, implementing, and evaluating the progress of an IEP. Includes 30 hours of Elementary/Middle/High placement. Pass/Fail only. Required for Special Education K-12 major. Winter only.
  • EDC
    120
    .
    Teaching in Context
    2 credits
    Introduction to perspectives on teaching. Historical, philosophical, sociological and comparative frameworks and models of teaching, including learning environments and teaching approaches. Examination of multiple purposes and goals of schooling; ethical and professional responsibilities of teachers to multiple stakeholders. Required for elementary certification. Fall/Winter
  • EDC
    130
    .
    Foundations of Secondary Education
    2 credits
    Prerequisite: EDC-103 concurrently
    A beginning course that is meant to help the pre-service teacher understand the realities of teaching and the education profession in general. A foundation to assist the student in making a better, more informed career choice about becoming a secondary teacher while also providing cases that secondary teachers must effectively face every day. Required for secondary certification. Fall/Winter
  • EDC
    150
    .
    Introduction to Special Education
    2 credits
    Prerequisite: EDC-105 concurrently
    Introduction to characteristics and categories of exceptional children, birth through adulthood. Learn the rules and regulations concerning provision of special education and related services. Discussion of historical and legal issues. Learn to develop, implement, and evaluate the progress of an IEP. Required for Special Education K-12 major. Winter only.
  • EDC
    160
    .
    Children’s Literature
    4 credits
    This standards-based course introduces students to a body of literature written for children and how it may be used across the curriculum; the interactions between readers, texts, and contexts; and critical issues in the selection and use of children’s literature. Students will explore, read, and respond to children’s literature in a variety of ways that include preparing collections of literary works and activities for use with children. Required for elementary certification. Fall/Winter
  • EDC
    180
    .
    Issues and Ideas in Education
    2-4 credits
    Survey of topics to broaden understanding of teaching and learning. Open to prospective teachers and others interested in education in the United States or in other societies. Course fee.
  • EDC
    183
    .
    Intro to Early Childhood Education
    4 credits
    Introduction to the early childhood profession, the nature of the profession, including its philosophical, historical and social foundations and current contextual influences (e.g., demographic and policy influences). Familiarization with various types and models of early childhood programs. Includes discussion of characteristics of developmentally appropriate practice. Learn and apply guidelines for the organization and administration of early childhood programs. Required for Early Childhood Endorsement. Winter only.
  • EDC
    190
    .
    Field Experience in Education
    1 credit
    Arranged assignment in an education setting intended to enhance a student’s understanding of teaching and learning. Requires instructor permission.
  • EDC
    203
    .
    Child Development and Education - Field
    1 credit
    Prerequisite: Sophomore Standing
    A 40-hour placement in classrooms concurrent with EDC-230. Provides an introduction to the professional roles and responsibilities of teaching all children. Students will be placed in a “home” classroom and work closely with that teacher to observe, assist, and work closely with students applying psychology principles and learning theories. Fall/Winter
  • EDC
    205
    .
    Intro to Learning Disabilities - Field
    1 credit
    Prerequisite: EDC-105 and 150; EDC-250 concurrently
    Work with children identified with a learning disability and collaboratively plan interventions/services including diagnosis, assessment, and specific remedial techniques. Experience the IEP process including the creation of goals and objectives which frame special education children’s learning. Identify and discuss rules of confidentiality. Includes 30 hours of Elementary/Middle/High placement. Pass/Fail only. Required for Special Education-Learning Disabilities K-12 major. Winter only.
  • EDC
    230
    .
    Child Development and Education
    3 credits
    Prerequisite: Sophomore Standing; EDC-203 concurrently
    An overview of psychological theories and research applied to classroom learning. The course includes study of concepts in human development - cognitive, affective, physical, emotional, moral, and social; study of learning, motivation, and assessment; developmentally appropriate practice; an overview of processes of human development in childhood and adolescence with a focus on socialization and education; and study of the influences of family, community, and culture on education. Required for elementary and secondary certification. Fall/Winter
  • EDC
    240
    .
    Learning Env and Reflective Teaching
    4 credits
    Prerequisite: Sophomore Standing
    Examination of characteristics of productive classroom learning environments. Analysis of cases of teaching and learning; evaluation of instructional strategies and activities, technologies, and resources that enhance learning for all learners; planning for classroom management. Includes peer teaching. Required for elementary and secondary certification. Fall/Winter
  • EDC
    250
    .
    Introduction to Learning Disabilities
    3 credits
    Prerequisite: EDC-105 and 150; EDC-205 concurrently
    Includes the study of the characteristics of children with learning disabilities and interventions/services for these individuals including diagnosis, assessment, and specific remedial techniques. Understand and implement research based theories and philosophies through lesson planning and field placement. Discussion of correlating factors leading to identification. Required for Special Education K-12 major. Winter only.
  • EDC
    255
    .
    Transition Mgmt in Special Education
    4 credits
    Prerequisite: EDC-105 and 150
    Covers various life management theories in relation to all curriculum subjects. Students develop skills to effectively manage children’s behaviors and to be effective classroom managers. Engage in strategic planning in the areas of: study skills, self-management, problem solving, reasoning, coping skills, and self-determination skills. Fall only.
  • EDC
    262
    .
    Mathematical Thinking and Learning
    4 credits
    Prerequisite: Sophomore Standing
    Investigate particular teaching and learning strategies that may help or hinder different students’ learning of mathematics. Focus on interpreting children’s mathematical work and examine central questions in mathematics teaching. Develop familiarity with available resources and begin the development of skills and attitudes to learn from teaching and other opportunities. May include a service learning component. Required for elementary certification. Winter only.
  • EDC
    281
    .
    Child Dev and Learning: Birth - Age 8
    4 credits
    Prerequisite: EDC-183; Sophomore Standing
    Examination of physical, cognitive, social, emotional and other types of development in infancy and early childhood. Addresses the development of children with special needs and linguistically and culturally diverse backgrounds. Students complete 30 hours of field placement in an early childhood setting. Required for Early Childhood Endorsement. Fall only. Course fee.
  • EDC
    282
    .
    School, Family & Community Partnerships
    2 credits
    Prerequisite: Sophomore Standing
    Emphasizes the critical role of family-school partnerships in ensuring children’s well-being and academic success. Introduction to historical roles of the family and community in early childhood education. Discussion of barriers to family involvement as well as effects of successful family participation. Addresses various types of family involvement and best practice guidelines associated with each type. Explores models for involving communities as partners in children’s care and education. Required for Early Childhood Endorsement. May include a service learning component. Winter only.
  • EDC
    283
    .
    The Care and Edc of Infants and Toddlers
    1 credit
    Prerequisite: EDC-183, Sophomore Standing
    A framework for understanding how infants and toddlers grow and learn. Developmentally appropriate curricula and materials will be examined. Required for Early Childhood Endorsement. Fall only.
  • EDC
    301
    .
    Elem Science and Social Studies - Field
    1 credit
    Prerequisite: TEP Approval; EDC-311, 361, and 363 concurrently
    Classroom observation and participation in teaching science and social studies. Includes 40 hours of classroom placement. Pass/fail only. Required for elementary certification. Fall only.
  • EDC
    302
    .
    Teaching Elem Lang Arts and Math - Field
    1 credit
    Prerequisite: TEP Approval; EDC 312, 360, and 362 concurrently
    Classroom observation and participation in teaching language arts and math. Includes 40 hours of classroom placement. Pass/fail only. Required for elementary certification. Winter only.
  • EDC
    303
    .
    Secondary Ed Methods and Experience
    1 credit
    Prerequisite: TEP Approval; EDC-311 concurrently
    Topics and issues in instructional planning, teaching, and assessment are explored in-depth and with particular emphasis on secondary education and specific subject areas. Students spend 30 hours in secondary classroom placements, working in their major(s) content areas, and will have specialized teaching methods support in those subjects with an emphasis on best practices. Required for secondary certification. Fall only. (Specific topics offered as EDC-303B, EDC-303E, EDC-303H, EDC-303MA, EDC-303MU, EDC-303PE, EDC-303S).
  • EDC
    311
    .
    Topics Seminar A
    1 credit
    Prerequisite: TEP Approval or EDS Major or Minor; EDC 301, 361, and 363 concurrently for Elementary majors; EDC-303 concurrently for Secondary majors.
    Introduction to issues and topics in instructional planning, differentiation, and instructional strategies. Required for elementary and secondary certification, and EDS major and minor. Fall only.
  • EDC
    312
    .
    Topics Seminar B
    1 credit
    Prerequisite: TEP Approval or EDC Major or Minor; EDC-302, 360, and 362 concurrently for Elementary majors.
    Introduction to issues and topics in the historical context of schooling and current issues in education, assessment, and the professional roles of educators. Required for elementary and secondary certification, and EDS major and minor. Winter only.
  • EDC
    346
    .
    Teaching Reading in Middle & Senior High
    4 credits
    Prerequisite: TEP Approval
    Survey of strategies for teaching, diagnosing and improving word recognition, comprehension and study skills. Survey of student language needs and program planning for reading instruction at the middle and senior high school levels. May include a service learning component. Required for secondary certification. Fall only.
  • EDC
    350
    .
    Instructional Design in Special Edc
    4 credits
    Prerequisite: EDC-105, 150, 205, 250, 255; TEP Approval
    Examination of the methods of identification, assessment, and instructional planning for individuals with learning disabilities. Curriculum design and modification/adaptation of instructional materials for struggling children in the special education and general education setting are covered. A variety of classroom practices and strategies which emphasize and promote individual motivation, classroom management, transition planning, the use of assistive technology, and meeting the needs of diverse children are analyzed. Required for Special Education-Learning Disabilities K-12 major. Fall only.
  • EDC
    355
    .
    Understanding Stu w/Learning Disability
    4 credits
    Prerequisite: EDC-105, 150, 205, 250, 255; TEP Approval
    Exploration of brain development and characteristics of children with learning disabilities from early childhood through adolescence. A focus on understanding ways of helping children with learning disabilities succeed through the use of instructional planning, technology, and inclusive education. Analysis of useful and creative strategies for teaching struggling individuals and understanding the importance and practicality of building support systems with parents, general education teachers, and other community resources. Required for Special Education-Learning Disabilities K-12 major. Winter only.
  • EDC
    360
    .
    Teaching Elementary Language Arts
    3 credits
    Prerequisite: TEP Approval; EDC-302, 312, and 362 concurrently
    Examination of reading and language arts methods. Survey of developmental reading including phonemic awareness, phonics, word recognition, fluency, vocabulary development, and comprehension. Use of assessment to inform instruction, classroom organization and management of the reading program, and methods of teaching language arts, including their interrelationships with reading. Required for elementary certification. Winter only.
  • EDC
    361
    .
    Teaching Elementary Science
    3 credits
    Prerequisite: TEP Approval; EDC-301, 311, and 363 concurrently
    Examination of methods and materials in elementary science education. May include service learning project and action research project. Required for elementary certification. Fall only.
  • EDC
    362
    .
    Teaching Elementary Mathematics
    3 credits
    Prerequisite: TEP Approval; MTH-202 and EDC-262; EDC-302, 312, 360 concurrently
    This course builds on EDC-262 and focuses on four areas: Teaching mathematics, working with students as individuals, organizing a class, and professionalism and reflective learning. Required for elementary certification. Winter only.
  • EDC
    363
    .
    Teaching Elementary Social Studies
    3 credits
    Prerequisite: TEP Approval; EDC-301, 311, and 361 concurrently
    Examination of methods and materials in elementary social studies education. Required for elementary certification. Fall only.
  • EDC
    370
    .
    Instructional and Assistive Technology
    2 credits
    Prerequisite: TEP Approval or EDS Major
    Builds on basic skills and knowledge demonstrated through successful completion of Technology Modules so that students are well prepared to use technology effectively and appropriately for multiple purposes in their teaching. Students learn to use technological tools, operations, and concepts to enhance learning and assessment, productivity, communication, and professional development. Students learn about the ethical, legal, physical, and psychological issues and principles of technology use in schools. Students utilize technology for curriculum planning and for instruction, including on-line learning experiences. Students learn to use assistive technologies to enhance the learning of all children in ways that best meet individual needs. Required for elementary and secondary certification.
  • EDC
    373
    .
    Special Education for Classroom Teachers
    3 credits
    Prerequisite: TEP Approval
    Introduction to the teaching of exceptional students. Review of historical and legal issues in special education. Characteristics of exceptional learners, birth through adolescence. Examination of materials and methodology appropriate for instructing exceptional learners in inclusive classrooms. Includes eight-hour practicum. Required for elementary and secondary certification (except Special Education major). Winter only.
  • EDC
    383
    .
    Curriculum and Methods: Early Childhood
    4 credits
    Prerequisite: TEP Approval
    Preparation for planning and facilitating developmentally appropriate learning experiences for young children in the content areas of language, literacy, mathematics, science, social studies, the arts, health and safety. Techniques for adapting instruction to culturally diverse learners and those with developmental delays. Preparation in appropriate management and guidance techniques, and designing appropriate physical environments and schedules for young children. Students practice integrating systematic observation of young children’s behavior with instructional design and assessment and program evaluation techniques. Students learn techniques for working cooperatively with families in the care and education of their children and with community services and referral procedures for children. Includes a 30-hour practicum in an early childhood site. Required for Early Childhood Endorsement. Classroom placement included. Fall only.
  • EDC
    385
    .
    Education Practicum
    1 credit
    Requires instructor permission.
  • EDC
    399
    .
    Education Independent Study
    1 credit
    Prerequisite: Junior Standing; Permission
    Individual investigation of an educational problem planned with faculty in Alma’s Education Department.
  • EDC
    400
    .
    Issues and Contexts
    2 credits
    Prerequisite: TEP Approval or EDS Major; Senior Standing
    Research into current topics and perennially important issues in education. Required for elementary certification and EDS major. Fall/Winter.
  • EDC
    405
    .
    Curriculum Mthds in Special Ed - Field
    1 credit
    Prerequisite: EDC-105, 150, 205, 255, 350, 355; TEP Approval; EDC-450 concurrently
    Demonstration of the understanding of the IEP process by evaluating how goals and objectives are formulated to frame children’s learning. Goals within an IEP are identified and an instructional unit implemented incorporating appropriate teaching strategies. Individual growth as a result of the interventions is measured and the success of the instructional methods is analyzed and evaluated. Appropriate individual performance assessments are created. The ability to modify instruction based on assessment data is demonstrated. Includes 30 hours of Elementary/Middle/High placement. Pass/Fail only. Required for Special Education-Learning Disabilities K-12 major. Fall only.
  • EDC
    430E
    .
    Student Teaching Seminar - Elementary
    3 credits
    Prerequisite: TEP Approval; ST Approval; Take EDC-490E and EDC-491E concurrently
    Reflection on student teaching and professional issues. Classroom inquiry and analysis; self-reflection and professional development plans; representation in portfolio, web, and interviews; legal and ethical issues. Required for elementary certification. Note: Students must be approved for student teaching and have completed all core education and teaching major/minor courses prior to beginning student teaching. See department for exceptions.
  • EDC
    430S
    .
    Student Teaching Seminar - Secondary
    3 credits
    Prerequisite: TEP Approval; ST Approval; Take EDC-490S and EDC-491S concurrently
    Reflection on student teaching and professional issues. Classroom inquiry and analysis; self-reflection and professional development plans; representation in portfolio, web and interviews; legal and ethical issues. Required for secondary certification. Note: Students must be approved for student teaching and have completed all core education and teaching major/minor courses prior to beginning student teaching. See department for exceptions.
  • EDC
    445F
    .
    Methods in World Languages E/S
    2 credits
    Prerequisite: TEP Approval
    Students spend 30 hours in a language classroom placement specific to the student’s major and level (elementary or secondary) and will have specialized teaching methods support in World Languages with an emphasis on instructional planning, teaching, and assessment. Required for elementary (K-5) and secondary (6-12) World Language certification.
  • EDC
    445S
    .
    Secondary Methods in Social Studies
    4 credits
    Prerequisite: TEP Approval
    Survey of special teaching methods in student’s major field of social studies. Required for secondary social studies certification.
  • EDC
    450
    .
    Curriculum Methods in Special Education
    3 credits
    Prerequisite: EDC-105, 150, 205, 255, 350, 355; TEP Approval; EDC-405 concurrently
    Preparation and planning for the development of curriculum and individualized teaching methodology appropriate for individuals with disabilities in the least restrictive environment. Basic principles of instructional design are discussed. Appropriate child performance assessments are created with students demonstrating the ability to modify instruction based on assessment data. Current practices and problems of instructing students with learning disabilities are addressed. Required for Special Education-Learning Disabilities K-12 major. Fall only.
  • EDC
    453
    .
    Assess and Remediation in Special Ed
    4 credits
    Prerequisite: EDC-105, 150, 205, 250, 255, 350, 355, 405 and 450; TEP Approval; EDC-455 and 495 concurrently
    This course provides pre-service teachers with the knowledge and skills necessary to complete a comprehensive educational evaluation, interpret the results, and develop an instructional plan to address individual youth needs and deficits. Formal and informal assessment procedures are examined and include the evaluation of reading, language, mathematics, social/emotional development, vocational and transitional needs. Techniques for communicating test results are discussed. FERPA rules are addressed. Students will be working in the field on a full-time basies during the final 6-weeks of this course to study the content in the field. Fall or Winter as determined by department.
  • EDC
    455
    .
    Special Ed Student Teaching Seminar
    3 credits
    Prerequisite: EDC-105, 150, 205, 250, 255, 350, 355, 405, 450; TEP Approval; EDC-453 and 495 concurrently
    Work collaboratively to discuss strategic planning for students with learning difficulties. Design and prepare to implement models of collaboration that enhance the participation of special education students within the general education environment. Discuss current topics in special education. Fall or Winter as determined by department.
  • EDC
    460
    .
    Teaching the Struggling Reader
    4 credits
    Prerequisite: TEP Approval; Senior Standing
    Survey of theory and methods associated with reading instruction for struggling readers. Emphasis placed on assessment of reading strengths and needs as well as specific strategies for reading improvement. Includes supervised instruction. Required for elementary certification. Fall only.
  • EDC
    470
    .
    Educational Studies Internship
    5 credits
    Prerequisite: 12 credits total in EDC including EDC-100 and 120 or EDC-103 and 130; and at least 3 credits of upper-level EDC credits; TEP Approval; Junior Standing.
    Application of educational concepts, skills, and theory, through participation in a work setting related to student’s learning objectives and long-term goals. Supervision by faculty and sponsoring organization. Includes substantive reflection assignment. Requires instructor permission and junior standing. Fall/Winter/Spring/Summer.
  • EDC
    480
    .
    Topics in Education
    2-4 credits
    Prerequisite: Permission
    Survey of a selected topic chosen for study. May be taken more than once for credit.
  • EDC
    490E
    .
    Directed Teaching - Elementary
    5 credits
    Prerequisite: TEP and ST Approval
    Teaching under the direction of a cooperating teacher in the public schools. Applications must be filed by November 15 of the academic year prior to directed teaching. Pass/fail only. Required for elementary certification. Fall/Winter.
  • EDC
    490S
    .
    Directed Teaching - Secondary
    5 credits
    Prerequisite: TEP and ST Approval
    Teaching under the direction of a cooperating teacher in the public schools. Applications must be filed by November 15 of the academic year prior to directed teaching. Pass/fail only. Required for secondary certification. Fall/Winter
  • EDC
    491E
    .
    Directed Teaching - Elementary
    5 credits
    Prerequisite: TEP and ST Approval
    Teaching under the direction of a cooperating teacher in the public schools. Applications must be filed by November 15 of the academic year prior to directed teaching. Pass/fail only. Required for elementary certification. Fall/Winter
  • EDC
    491S
    .
    Directed Teaching - Secondary
    5 credits
    Prerequisite: TEP and ST Approval
    Teaching under the direction of a cooperating teacher in the public schools. Applications must be filed by November 15 of the academic year prior to directed teaching. Pass/fail only. Required for secondary certification. Fall/Winter
  • EDC
    493
    .
    Directed Teaching: Early Childhood
    5 credits
    Prerequisite: EDC-183, 281, 282, 283, 383, SOA-220; TEP and ST Approval
    Directed teaching experience of 280 hours in an early childhood setting under the guidance of a professional early childhood educator. Under guidance of cooperating teacher, students work effectively with parents as partners in their children’s education. Students in the Directed Teaching course regularly reflect on and evaluate their experience with a College Field Instructor. Junior or senior year. Must apply for student teaching by November 15 of junior year and be approved prior to beginning ECE student teaching. Pass/Fail only. Fall/Winter/Spring/Summer.
  • EDC
    495
    .
    Special Education Student Teaching
    6 credits
    Prerequisite: EDC-105, 150, 205, 250, 255, 350, 355, 405 and 450; TEP and ST Approval; EDC-453 and 455 concurrently
    An 8 week directed teaching experience in a special education classroom setting under the guidance of a special education professional. The special education teacher and candidate work collaboratively to discuss strategic planning and accommodations for students with learning difficulties. The candidate will design and prepare to implement units of instruction and will work collaboratively to ensure learning for special education students in a pull-out setting and within the general education environment. Students will differentiate instruction for remediation and modify general education curriculum for student diverse learning needs. Fall or Winter as determined by department.
  • EDC
    499
    .
    Education Independent Study
    4 credits
    Prerequisite: Senior Standing, EDC or EDS major, and Permission
    Individual investigation of an educational problem or development of a creative, usable project.
  • EDC
    500
    .
    Senior Thesis
    2-4 credits
    Prerequisite: Permission
    Required for departmental honors.