Elementary Education

Requirements & Courses

  • Additional Requirements

    In addition to completing appropriate coursework in the Education Department and in the teaching major, students must meet Alma College graduation requirements and demonstrate personal characteristics suitable for entering the teaching profession.

  • ELEMENTARY EDUCATION MAJOR REQUIREMENTS

    The Michigan Department of Education (MDE) has approved two program options for elementary education at Alma College. To be recommended, the candidate must complete 60 credits of EDC courses, consisting of 36 credits of professional sequence courses and 24 credits of Elementary Education Content and Pedagogy courses.

    1. Professional Sequence (36 cr)
      • EDC-100 (2 cr), 120 (2 cr)
      • EDC-203 (1 cr) with 230 (3 cr); EDC-240 (4 cr)
      • EDC-301 (1 cr) with 311 (1 cr)
      • EDC-302 (1 cr) with 312 (1 cr)
      • EDC-370 (2 cr), 373 (3 cr), (except for Special Education major), 400 (2 cr)
      • EDC-430E (3 cr) with 490E/491E (10 cr)
    2. Elementary Education Content and Pedagogy (24 cr)
      • EDC-160 (4 cr); 262 (4 cr)
      • EDC-360 (3 cr) with 362 (3 cr)
      • EDC-361 (3 cr) with 363 (3 cr)
      • EDC-460 (4 cr)
  • Michigan Elementary Standard Certification Requirements

    This certificate permits teaching in grades K-5 all subjects and K-8 self-contained classrooms, and, if desired, 6-8 in a content area minor or major.

    Elementary Education majors may complete certification requirements for Option 1: Core Subject OR Option 2: Comprehensive Major.

    Students may elect to add an endorsement from either Option in addition to completing Option 1 or Option 2.

    ELEMENTARY OPTION 1: Core Subject must include all of the following:

    1. Elementary Education Major — 60 credits of required EDC courses including 36 credits of Professional Sequence courses and 24 credits of Elementary Education Content and Pedagogy courses (see above). A 2.5 GPA is required for the Elementary Education certification major and no course for certification may be taken Pass/Fail, except for 1 credit placement classes, or be graded below a 2.0 (C).
    2. Either a Teaching Major or two Teaching Minors selected from the following:
      1. Social Studies Group Major.
      2. Integrated Science Group Major or Group Minor.
      3. Language Arts Group Major or Group Minor.
      4. Elementary Mathematics Major or Minor
      A 2.5 GPA is required for each certification major and/or minor and no course required for certification may be taken Pass/Fail or be graded below a 2.0 (C).
    3. As Cognates, a Planned Program of Elementary Education Content courses which must include the following:
      • MTH-202 (4 cr)
      • HUM-110 (4 cr)
      • HST-104, 121 or 254 (American History, 4 cr)
      • IPH-271A (2 cr)
      • BIO-101 (4 cr)
      • HST-206 (4 cr)
      • ENG-225 (4 cr) 
      • PSC-101 (4 cr) (Note: Integrated Science majors/minors take other required courses)
      No cognate course required for certification may be taken Pass/Fail or be graded below a 2.0 (C).
    4. An overall GPA of 2.75 is required for Alma College to recommend a student for certification.
    5. The MTTC Test in Elementary Education (passing score required for certification). Note: Elementary candidates must pass State tests in their Specialty Area Endorsement (major or minor) to be certified in these areas. For initial certification, MTTC subject-area passing scores will remain valid for five years.
    6. Students must provide proof of valid CPR and First Aid cards as required by the Michigan Department of Education for certification.
  • Language Arts Major (Elementary only)

    Forty credits which must include:

    1. ENG-120 (4 cr), 190 (4 cr), 225 (4 cr); EDC-160 (4 cr); four credits of any 300-level literature course
    2. Four credits in Literature from: ENG-250 (4 cr), 251 (4 cr), 260 (4 cr), 261 (4 cr)
    3. Eight credits in Writing from: ENG-201 (4 cr), 202 (4 cr), 210 (4 cr), 220 (4 cr), 270 (4 cr), 291 (4 cr), 293 (4 cr)
    4. Four credits in Communication Arts from: COM-101 (4 cr), 111 (4 cr); NMS-201 (4 cr)
    5. Four credits in Multicultural and Interpersonal perspectives from: COM-123 (4 cr), 220 (4 cr), 201 (4 cr); ENG-240 (4 cr), 241 (4 cr), 367 (4 cr), 368 (4 cr), 381 (4 cr)
    6. For certification, take and pass the MTTC Language Arts test.
  • Language Arts Minor (Elementary only)

    Twenty-eight credits which must include:

    1. ENG-120 (4 cr); 225 (4 cr); and COM 220 (4 cr)
    2. ENG-250 (4 cr), 251 (4 cr), 260 (4 cr) or 261 (4 cr)
    3. ENG-201 (4 cr), 210 (4 cr), or another writing class approved by the English Department
    4. COM-101 (4 cr), 111 (4 cr), 123 (4 cr), or 227 (4 cr)
    5. EDC-160 (4 cr)
    6. For certification, take and pass the MTTC Language Arts test.
  • Integrated Science Group Major (Elementary only)

    Forty credits which must include:

    1. BIO-101 (4 cr) and 121 (4 cr); CHM-103 (4 cr); PHY-112 (4 cr); ENV-105 (4 cr) and 110 (4 cr); GEO-113 (4 cr); PSC-380 (4 cr).
    2. Two elective classes from: ENV-380 (4 cr); GEO-101 (4 cr), PHY-101 (4 cr) or 113 (4 cr), BIO-309 (4 cr), only one 399 (4 cr) Independent Study allowed from one of the following departments: ENV, GEO, CHM, BIO, BCM, IPH, CSC; or other four-credit class approved by the Education Department.
    3. For certification, take and pass the MTTC Integrated Science test.
  • Integrated Science Group Minor (Elementary only)

    Twenty-eight credits which must include:

    1. BIO-101 (4 cr) and 121 (4 cr); CHM-103 (4 cr); ENV-110 (4 cr); GEO-113 (4 cr); PSC-380 (4 cr)
    2. One elective class from ENV-105 (4 cr), GEO-101 (4 cr) or other four-credit class approved by the Education Department.
    3. For certification, take and pass the MTTC Integrated Science test.
  • Social Studies Group Major (Elementary only)

    Forty-four credits which must include:

    1. ECN-111 (4 cr) and 112 (4 cr)
    2. POL-101 (4 cr) and 121 (4 cr)
    3. GGR -101 (2 cr), 102 (2 cr), and 201 (4 cr)
    4. HST-100 (4 cr), 101 (4 cr), 104 (4 cr), 105 (4 cr), and 206 (4 cr)
    5. For certification, take and pass the MTTC Social Studies test.
  • Mathematics Major (Elementary)

    See MTH Department course listings.

  • Mathematics Minor (Elementary)

    See MTH Department course listings.

  • Additional Requirements

    In addition to completing appropriate coursework in the Education Department and in the majors and minors, students must meet Alma College graduation requirements and demonstrate personal characteristics suitable for entering the teaching profession.

     

    ELEMENTARY OPTION 2: Comprehensive Major must include all of the following:

    1. Elementary Education Major — 60 credits of required EDC courses including: 36 credits of Professional Sequence courses and 24 credits of Elementary Education Content and Pedagogy courses (see above). A 2.5 GPA is required for the Elementary Education certification major and no course for certification may be taken Pass/Fail, except for 1 credit placement classes, or be graded below a 2.0 (C).
    2. Either a Teaching Major in Spanish (36 cr), or a Minor in Early Childhood (ZS) (24 cr), or a K-12 major in Special Education — Learning Disabilities (36 cr). No course for certification may be taken Pass/Fail, except for 1 credit placement classes, or be graded below a 2.0 (C).A 2.5 GPA is required for each certification major and/or minor, except the K-12 Special Education - Learning Disabilities major, which requires a 2.75 GPA.
    3. As Cognates, a Comprehensive Program of 30 credits of required Elementary Education Content courses which must include the following:
      No course required for certification may be taken Pass/Fail or be graded below a 2.0 (C).
      • BIO-101 (4 cr)
      • PSC-101 (4 cr)
      • MTH-202 (4 cr)
      • HST-104, 121 or 254 (4 cr)
      • HST-206 (4 cr)
      • HUM-110 (4 cr)
      • IPH-271A (2 cr)
      • ENG-225 (4 cr)
    4. An overall GPA of 2.75 is required for Alma College to recommend a student for certification.
    5. The MTTC Test in Elementary Education (passing score required for certification). Note: Elementary candidates must pass State tests in their Specialty Area Endorsement (major or minor) to be certified in these areas. For initial certification, MTTC subject-area passing scores will remain valid for five years.
    6. Students must provide proof of valid CPR and First Aid cards as required by the Michigan Department of Education for certification.
Spanish Teaching Major Requirements
  • Teaching Major Requirements

    Thirty-six credits (thirty-four of which must be beyond SPN-203) and which must include:

    1. Successful completion of SPN-321.
    2. At least four credits at the 400 level.
    3. At least four credits from each of the following groups:
    • Spain Culture and Civilization — SPN-350, 355, 261/361
    • Latin American Culture and Civilization — SPN-334, 352, 364, 374, 263/363
    • Literature — SPN-331, 340, 343, 344, 360, 362, 370, 372, 373, 460, 462
    1. Successful completion of ENG-225 and EDC-445F.
    2. A minimum of one semester of approved international study in a Spanish-speaking country.
    3. Students will write and defend in open forum an acceptable paper of moderate length reflecting on their study of Spanish, study abroad experience and how both concepts combine with the mission of a liberal arts education.

     

    In order to be recommended for teacher certification, students must pass the Michigan Test for Teacher Certification subject area test in Spanish as well as ACTFL’s OPI at the Advanced-Low level. The Teacher Education Program is proactive about informing students of opportunities for taking these tests.

  • Early Childhood - General and Special Education Minor (ZS) (Elementary only)

    Twenty-four credits which must include:

    1. EDC-183 (4 cr)
    2. EDC-281 (4 cr)
    3. EDC-282 (2 cr)
    4. EDC-283 (1 cr)
    5. EDC-383 (4 cr)
    6. EDC-493 (5 cr)
    7. SOC-220 (4 cr)
    8. For certification, take and pass the MTTC Early Childhood Education test.
  • Special Education — Learning Disabilities (K-12 Major only) (Secondary or Elementary)

    Thirty-six credits which must include:

    1. EDC-150 (2 cr) with 105 (1 cr).
    2. EDC-250 (3 cr) with 205 (1 cr).
    3. EDC-255 (4 cr), 350 (4 cr), 355 (4 cr).
    4. EDC-450 (3 cr) with 405 (1 cr).
    5. EDC-453 (4 cr) and EDC-455 (3 cr) with 495 (6 cr).
    6. For certification, take and pass the MTTC Special Education — Learning Disabilities test.

    No course graded below 2.0 (C) may count toward a Special Education — Learning Disabilities K-12 Major; a 2.75 GPA is required.

  • Additional Requirements

    In addition to completing appropriate coursework in the Education Department and in the majors and minors, students must meet Alma College graduation requirements and demonstrate personal characteristics suitable for entering the teaching profession.

Teacher Certification
  • The Michigan State Board of Education certifies all teachers. Alma College is authorized to recommend to the State Board those students who have completed a bachelor’s degree, passed state required Subject Area Tests in teaching majors and minors, and successfully fulfilled all requirements of the Teacher Education Program. The Education Department offers majors leading to elementary or secondary certification. The Department also offers a non-certification Educational Studies Major and Minor.

    Certification requirements are subject to change by action of the State Board of Education and may not be reflected in this catalog.

  • Teaching Major and Minor Requirements: Requirements for Teaching Majors and Minors are in the subject area department listings. Requirements for group majors or minors are listed in the Education Department listing and students should consult with the Education Department Chair about requirements. Majors and minors not listed here are not approved for certification. (These requirements are subject to change and reflect compliance with the standards and rules established by the Michigan State Board of Education.)

    Graduation Requirements: Students who are in the elementary or secondary Teacher Education Certification Program shall only be deemed as satisfying graduation requirements when all required education courses for certification are complete.

  • Alma students may seek either secondary or elementary certification. For certification purposes, students are responsible for completing teaching majors and minors, including secondary or elementary majors, as described at the time of declaration of that major/minor.

  • Classroom Placement Students — Background Check

    Michigan school districts require anyone who has contact with children in their school buildings, including staff or volunteers, to provide the district with documentation that he or she has not been placed on the central registry for substantiated abuse or neglect. All students who have an Education course with a classroom placement must have a background check completed at the Department of Health and Human Services (DHHS) prior to beginning in their assigned classroom. This is free of charge and DHHS records must be current. See the Education Department for more details. 

  • Student Teachers — Fingerprinting Procedure

    School districts require fingerprinting of student teachers. All student teachers must have the Criminal Background Check Livescan fingerprinting procedure completed by July 15 prior to beginning student teaching in their assigned district. Livescan must be completed at a Michigan Department of Education-approved site and is a statewide procedure. A fee is charged for this service and fingerprint records must be valid within one year. See the Education Department for more details.

  • Admission to the Teacher Education Program (TEP)

    The Education Department reviews all applicants and judges their suitability for entrance to the program during the student’s sophomore year. For full approval students must have the following:

    1. Formal application for admission to the TEP, including completion of a writing component (TEP essay), submitted by the January deadline. Information about the writing component, completed during Fall term, will be available from the Education Department. If you have any questions, please see the Chair of the Education Department. (Students who decide to seek teacher certification after the sophomore year can be admitted late but may require extra time to complete the program).
    2. A cumulative GPA of at least 3.0
    3. ENG 101 with a grade of C or above and MTH 100, or demonstrate proficiency by placement into a higher level course.
    4. Scores meeting accreditation requirements in reading, math, and writing on a nationally normed assessment.
    5. Evidence that the student is making an effort to acquire competence in the humanities, natural sciences, and social sciences.
    6. Evidence that the applicant has personal characteristics conducive to success in the teaching profession (as indicated by disposition assessment forms, the recommendation of the Education Department, and a Felony Conviction Statement confirming that the student has not been convicted of any act contributing to the delinquency of a minor or involving moral turpitude).
    7. Good standing - academic and student life.
    8. Passing scores for content and writing on the TEP essay.

    Please be aware that these requirements are subject to change in accordance with state or national accreditation mandates. All major(s) and minor(s) must be declared through the Registrar’s Office at the time of TEP application.

  • Admission to Student Teaching

    The Education Department reviews a student for admission to Directed Teaching (Education 490-491). For full approval students must have the following:

    1. Admission to the Teacher Education Program.
    2. A formal application for student teaching submitted by November 15 of the academic year prior to student teaching.
    3. A 2.75 overall GPA.
    4. For secondary: a GPA in the area(s) of concentration - Teaching Major(s) of 2.75; if applicable, a C or above in all classes in the Social Studies endorsement.
    5. For elementary: a GPA in the Teaching Major(s) of 2.5 with C or above in all courses (2.75 required for K-12 Special Education - Learning Disabilities major)
    6. A 2.5 GPA in Education courses and a grade of C or above in all courses.
    7. In compliance with State of Michigan specifications, satisfactory demonstration of
      • high academic achievement.
      • successful group work with children in classroom placements.
      • knowledge of research-based teaching.
      • working knowledge of modern technology and use of computers
  • Additional Notes
    1. Admission to the Teacher Education Program is a prerequisite for all classes at the 300 level and above for certification candidates.
    2. Note on scheduling: it is expected that students take no more than one placement class in any semester.
    3. Once approved for student teaching, the requirements must be retained in order to begin the student teaching term.

Courses

  • EDC
    100
    .
    Introduction to Diverse Learners
    2 credits
    An introduction to learners and learning. Students reflect upon their own schooling and learning experiences, applying the different perspectives and theories on learning introduced in the course. Students will consider the diversity of learning styles, aptitudes, interests, intelligences, and diverse learner backgrounds. They will begin to consider the role and responsibilities of classroom teachers towards all learners, thus developing understandings they will build on throughout the program. Required for elementary certification. Fall/Winter.
  • EDC
    120
    .
    Teaching in Context
    2 credits
    Introduction to perspectives on teaching. Historical, philosophical, sociological and comparative frameworks and models of teaching, including learning environments and teaching approaches. Examination of multiple purposes and goals of schooling; ethical and professional responsibilities of teachers to multiple stakeholders. Required for elementary certification. Fall/Winter
  • EDC
    160
    .
    Children’s Literature
    4 credits
    This standards-based course introduces students to a body of literature written for children and how it may be used across the curriculum; the interactions between readers, texts, and contexts; and critical issues in the selection and use of children’s literature. Students will explore, read, and respond to children’s literature in a variety of ways that include preparing collections of literary works and activities for use with children. Required for elementary certification. Fall/Winter
  • EDC
    180
    .
    Issues and Ideas in Education
    2-4 credits
    Survey of topics to broaden understanding of teaching and learning. Open to prospective teachers and others interested in education in the United States or in other societies. Course fee.
  • EDC
    190
    .
    Field Experience in Education
    1 credit
    Arranged assignment in an education setting intended to enhance a student’s understanding of teaching and learning. Requires instructor permission.
  • EDC
    203
    .
    Child Development and Education - Field
    1 credit
    Prerequisite: Sophomore Standing
    A 40-hour placement in classrooms concurrent with EDC-230. Provides an introduction to the professional roles and responsibilities of teaching all children. Students will be placed in a “home” classroom and work closely with that teacher to observe, assist, and work closely with students applying psychology principles and learning theories. Fall/Winter
  • EDC
    230
    .
    Child Development and Education
    3 credits
    Prerequisite: Sophomore Standing; EDC-203 concurrently
    An overview of psychological theories and research applied to classroom learning. The course includes study of concepts in human development - cognitive, affective, physical, emotional, moral, and social; study of learning, motivation, and assessment; developmentally appropriate practice; an overview of processes of human development in childhood and adolescence with a focus on socialization and education; and study of the influences of family, community, and culture on education. Required for elementary and secondary certification. Fall/Winter
  • EDC
    240
    .
    Learning Env and Reflective Teaching
    4 credits
    Prerequisite: Sophomore Standing
    Examination of characteristics of productive classroom learning environments. Analysis of cases of teaching and learning; evaluation of instructional strategies and activities, technologies, and resources that enhance learning for all learners; planning for classroom management. Includes peer teaching. Required for elementary and secondary certification. Fall/Winter
  • EDC
    262
    .
    Mathematical Thinking and Learning
    4 credits
    Prerequisite: Sophomore Standing
    Investigate particular teaching and learning strategies that may help or hinder different students’ learning of mathematics. Focus on interpreting children’s mathematical work and examine central questions in mathematics teaching. Develop familiarity with available resources and begin the development of skills and attitudes to learn from teaching and other opportunities. May include a service learning component. Required for elementary certification. Winter only.
  • EDC
    301
    .
    Elem Science and Social Studies - Field
    1 credit
    Prerequisite: TEP Approval; EDC-311, 361, and 363 concurrently
    Classroom observation and participation in teaching science and social studies. Includes 40 hours of classroom placement. Pass/fail only. Required for elementary certification. Fall only.
  • EDC
    302
    .
    Teaching Elem Lang Arts and Math - Field
    1 credit
    Prerequisite: TEP Approval; EDC 312, 360, and 362 concurrently
    Classroom observation and participation in teaching language arts and math. Includes 40 hours of classroom placement. Pass/fail only. Required for elementary certification. Winter only.
  • EDC
    311
    .
    Topics Seminar A
    1 credit
    Prerequisite: TEP Approval or EDS Major or Minor; EDC 301, 361, and 363 concurrently for Elementary majors; EDC-303 concurrently for Secondary majors.
    Introduction to issues and topics in instructional planning, differentiation, and instructional strategies. Required for elementary and secondary certification, and EDS major and minor. Fall only.
  • EDC
    312
    .
    Topics Seminar B
    1 credit
    Prerequisite: TEP Approval or EDC Major or Minor; EDC-302, 360, and 362 concurrently for Elementary majors.
    Introduction to issues and topics in the historical context of schooling and current issues in education, assessment, and the professional roles of educators. Required for elementary and secondary certification, and EDS major and minor. Winter only.
  • EDC
    360
    .
    Teaching Elementary Language Arts
    3 credits
    Prerequisite: TEP Approval; EDC-302, 312, and 362 concurrently
    Examination of reading and language arts methods. Survey of developmental reading including phonemic awareness, phonics, word recognition, fluency, vocabulary development, and comprehension. Use of assessment to inform instruction, classroom organization and management of the reading program, and methods of teaching language arts, including their interrelationships with reading. Required for elementary certification. Winter only.
  • EDC
    361
    .
    Teaching Elementary Science
    3 credits
    Prerequisite: TEP Approval; EDC-301, 311, and 363 concurrently
    Examination of methods and materials in elementary science education. May include service learning project and action research project. Required for elementary certification. Fall only.
  • EDC
    362
    .
    Teaching Elementary Mathematics
    3 credits
    Prerequisite: TEP Approval; MTH-202 and EDC-262; EDC-302, 312, 360 concurrently
    This course builds on EDC-262 and focuses on four areas: Teaching mathematics, working with students as individuals, organizing a class, and professionalism and reflective learning. Required for elementary certification. Winter only.
  • EDC
    363
    .
    Teaching Elementary Social Studies
    3 credits
    Prerequisite: TEP Approval; EDC-301, 311, and 361 concurrently
    Examination of methods and materials in elementary social studies education. Required for elementary certification. Fall only.
  • EDC
    370
    .
    Instructional and Assistive Technology
    2 credits
    Prerequisite: TEP Approval or EDS Major
    Builds on basic skills and knowledge demonstrated through successful completion of Technology Modules so that students are well prepared to use technology effectively and appropriately for multiple purposes in their teaching. Students learn to use technological tools, operations, and concepts to enhance learning and assessment, productivity, communication, and professional development. Students learn about the ethical, legal, physical, and psychological issues and principles of technology use in schools. Students utilize technology for curriculum planning and for instruction, including on-line learning experiences. Students learn to use assistive technologies to enhance the learning of all children in ways that best meet individual needs. Required for elementary and secondary certification.
  • EDC
    373
    .
    Special Education for Classroom Teachers
    3 credits
    Prerequisite: TEP Approval
    Introduction to the teaching of exceptional students. Review of historical and legal issues in special education. Characteristics of exceptional learners, birth through adolescence. Examination of materials and methodology appropriate for instructing exceptional learners in inclusive classrooms. Includes eight-hour practicum. Required for elementary and secondary certification (except Special Education major). Winter only.
  • EDC
    385
    .
    Education Practicum
    1 credit
    Requires instructor permission.
  • EDC
    399
    .
    Education Independent Study
    1 credit
    Prerequisite: Junior Standing; Permission
    Individual investigation of an educational problem planned with faculty in Alma’s Education Department.
  • EDC
    400
    .
    Issues and Contexts
    2 credits
    Prerequisite: TEP Approval or EDS Major; Senior Standing
    Research into current topics and perennially important issues in education. Required for elementary certification and EDS major. Fall/Winter.
  • EDC
    430E
    .
    Student Teaching Seminar - Elementary
    3 credits
    Prerequisite: TEP Approval; ST Approval; Take EDC-490E and EDC-491E concurrently
    Reflection on student teaching and professional issues. Classroom inquiry and analysis; self-reflection and professional development plans; representation in portfolio, web, and interviews; legal and ethical issues. Required for elementary certification. Note: Students must be approved for student teaching and have completed all core education and teaching major/minor courses prior to beginning student teaching. See department for exceptions.
  • EDC
    445F
    .
    Methods in World Languages E/S
    2 credits
    Prerequisite: TEP Approval
    Students spend 30 hours in a language classroom placement specific to the student’s major and level (elementary or secondary) and will have specialized teaching methods support in World Languages with an emphasis on instructional planning, teaching, and assessment. Required for elementary (K-5) and secondary (6-12) World Language certification.
  • EDC
    460
    .
    Teaching the Struggling Reader
    4 credits
    Prerequisite: TEP Approval; Senior Standing
    Survey of theory and methods associated with reading instruction for struggling readers. Emphasis placed on assessment of reading strengths and needs as well as specific strategies for reading improvement. Includes supervised instruction. Required for elementary certification. Fall only.
  • EDC
    480
    .
    Topics in Education
    2-4 credits
    Prerequisite: Permission
    Survey of a selected topic chosen for study. May be taken more than once for credit.
  • EDC
    490E
    .
    Directed Teaching - Elementary
    5 credits
    Prerequisite: TEP and ST Approval
    Teaching under the direction of a cooperating teacher in the public schools. Applications must be filed by November 15 of the academic year prior to directed teaching. Pass/fail only. Required for elementary certification. Fall/Winter.
  • EDC
    491E
    .
    Directed Teaching - Elementary
    5 credits
    Prerequisite: TEP and ST Approval
    Teaching under the direction of a cooperating teacher in the public schools. Applications must be filed by November 15 of the academic year prior to directed teaching. Pass/fail only. Required for elementary certification. Fall/Winter
  • EDC
    499
    .
    Education Independent Study
    4 credits
    Prerequisite: Senior Standing, EDC or EDS major, and Permission
    Individual investigation of an educational problem or development of a creative, usable project.
  • EDC
    500
    .
    Senior Thesis
    2-4 credits
    Prerequisite: Permission
    Required for departmental honors.