Requirements & Courses

Major or Teaching Major Requirements
 Thirtysix credits, which must include: PHY121, 122, 212, 221, 312, 321, 323, 421; and either 333, 380, 499, 500 or AST225.
 Twenty cognate credits, including MTH121,122, 210, 211 and CSC120.

Minor or Teaching Minor Requirements
Twentyfour credits, including PHY121, 122, 220, 221 and eight credits from Physics and Astronomy courses numbered 200 or above. Twenty cognate credits, including MTH121, 122, 210, 211 and CSC120.

Four credits from PHY, with the exception of practicum or independent study courses, count towards the Distributive Requirements in the Natural Sciences — Physical Sciences.
Courses
 PHY101.Making of the Atomic Bomb4Review of the scientific, engineering, military and social factors involved in the development of the atomic bomb from 19001945. Does not count toward Physics major. MTH101 recommended.
 PHY112.General Physics I4MTH112, 113, or 121 or PermissionFirst half of an introductory survey of physics with emphasis on problemsolving. Uses algebra and trigonometry but not calculus. Appropriate for students who plan no further study in physics. Topics include motion, forces, rotation, conservation laws and thermal physics. Laboratory. Course fee.
 PHY113.General Physics II4PHY112Second half of the introductory survey of physics started with PHY 112. Uses algebra and trigonometry but not calculus. Topics include vibrations and waves, sound, electricity and magnetism, optics and modern topics. Laboratory. Course fee.
 PHY121.Introduction to Physics I4MTH113 or MTH121 previously or concurrentlyFirst half of introductory survey of physics with emphasis on problemsolving. Uses calculus. Appropriate for physics, chemistry or mathematics majors, preengineering students, and premedical students who have had calculus. Includes mechanics, dynamics and rotation. Laboratory. Course fee.
 PHY122.Introduction to Physics II4PHY121Second half of the introductory survey of physics started with PHY 121. Uses calculus. Includes oscillations, gravity, waves, sounds, fluids and thermal physics. Completion of MTH122 or concurrent enrollment in MTH122 is strongly recommended. Laboratory. Course fee.
 PHY140.Machine Shop2PermissionIntroduction to machine shop tools and techniques. Course fee.
 PHY*212.Mechanics I: Statics4PHY121 and CSC120; MTH210 concurrentlyStudy of static equilibrium of rigid bodies. Includes translational and rotational equilibrium; stresses, strains and deformations; strengths of materials.
 PHY*220.Introduction to Electromagnetism4PHY122; MTH210 or PermissionContinuation of survey of physics begun in PHY 121122. Study of fundamentals of electricity and magnetism: charge, current, fields, potentials, resistance, capacitance, and an introduction to electromagnetic waves. Laboratory. Course fee.
 PHY*221.Modern Physics4PHY122; MTH210 or PermissionSurvey of fundamentals of modern physics; special relativity, atomic physics, nuclear physics, and introductory quantum wave mechanics. Laboratory. Course fee.
 PHY*225.Astrophysics4Study of the physics of stellar constituents of the universe: distances, magnitudes, colors, spectra and motions of stars; multiple and variable stars; stellar structure and evolution, star clusters, structure and rotation of the Milky Way galaxy, galaxies and cosmology. Requires PHY221 concurrently.
 PHY*299.Physics Independent Study18PermissionPlanned program of study. Topic selected by instructor and student.
 PHY*312.Dynamics4PHY122 and MTH210; PHY221 strongly recommendedStudy of motion. Includes particle dynamics, central force motion, rigid body motion, Lagrange’s and Hamilton’s equations of motion.
 PHY*321.Advanced Electromagnetism4PHY220 and MTH210; PHY221 strongly recommendedStudy of electric and magnetic fields. Introduces and uses vector calculus. Includes integral and differential forms of Maxwell’s equations; electric, scalar and vector potentials; radiation; and electric and magnetic properties of matter.
 PHY*323.Thermal/Statistical Physics4PHY221 and MTH210; PHY221 strongly recommendedStudy of thermodynamics as seen and derived from a quantum statistics perspective. Includes first, second and third laws of thermodynamics; kinetic theory of gasses; MaxwellBoltzman statistics; thermal equilibrium; and fluctuations and irreversibility.
 PHY*333.Optics4PHY122; PHY220 recommendedStudy of geometric and physical optics. Includes mirror and lens systems, apertures and stops, photography, fiber optics, Fourier techniques, interference and diffraction, limits of resolution, optical image processing, electro optics, lasers and holography. Laboratory. Course fee.
 PHY*380.Topics in Physics4Study of topic of current or historical importance chosen by instructor. Prerequisites vary with selections. May require instructor permission. Students may need to buy materials for their projects at a cost up to $100.
 PHY*399.Physics Independent Study14PermissionPlanned program of study. Topic selected by instructor and student.
 PHY*421.Quantum Mechanics4PHY221 and MTH310Study of wave and matrix mechanics, the harmonic oscillator, the hydrogen atom and angular momentum and spin.
 PHY*480.Topics in Physics4May require PermissionStudy of topic of current or historical importance chosen by instructor. Prerequisites vary with selections.
 PHY*499.Physics Independent Study14Planned program of study. Topic selected by instructor and student. Requires instructor permission.
 PHY*500.Senior Thesis24PermissionPlanned program of research performed on campus or as part of research group at major university or national laboratory. Course fee.