Making of the Atomic Bomb
Review of the scientific, engineering, military and social factors involved in the development of the atomic bomb from 19001945. Does not count toward Physics major. MTH100 or 101 recommended.

MTH112, 113, or 121 or Permission
First half of an introductory survey of physics with emphasis on problemsolving. Uses algebra and trigonometry but not calculus. Appropriate for students who plan no further study in physics. Topics include motion, forces, rotation, conservation laws and thermal physics. Laboratory. Course fee.

PHY112
Second half of the introductory survey of physics started with PHY 112. Uses algebra and trigonometry but not calculus. Topics include vibrations and waves, sound, electricity and magnetism, optics and modern topics. Laboratory. Course fee.
Introduction to Physics I
MTH113 or MTH121 previously or concurrently
Calculusbased treatment of one and twodimensional mechanics, vectors, force, work, energy, momentum, torque, and static equilibrium. Offered every Fall. Laboratory. Course fee.
Introduction to Physics II
PHY121
Continuation of PHY 121. Topics include oscillations and waves, sound, Doppler effect, introductory electricity and magnetism, introductory optics. Offered every Winter. Laboratory. Course fee.

Permission
Introduction to machine shop tools and techniques. Course fee.

PHY121 and MTH121
Rotational kinematics, dynamics, and advanced static equilibrium; fluids and introduction to thermal physics. Offered Winter, Even numbered years)

PHY121
Survey of fundamentals of modern physics; special relativity, atomic physics, nuclear physics, and introductory quantum wave mechanics. Laboratory. Course fee.

Take PHY221 concurrently
Study of the physics of stellar constituents of the universe: distances, magnitudes, colors, spectra and motions of stars; multiple and variable stars; stellar structure and evolution, star clusters, structure and rotation of the Milky Way galaxy, galaxies and cosmology. Requires PHY221 concurrently.
Physics Independent Study
Permission
Planned program of study. Topic selected by instructor and student.

PHY212, MTH211
Study of motion. Includes particle dynamics, central force motion, rigid body motion, Lagrange’s and Hamilton’s equations of motion. (Offered Fall, Even numbered years)
Advanced Electromagnetism
PHY122, MTH210
Study of electric and magnetic fields. Introduces and uses vector calculus. Includes integral and differential forms of Maxwell’s equations; electric, scalar and vector potentials; radiation; and electric and magnetic properties of matter. (Offered Fall, Odd numbered years)
Thermal/Statistical Physics
PHY212, 221 and MTH210;
Study of thermodynamics as seen and derived from a quantum statistics perspective. Includes first, second and third laws of thermodynamics; kinetic theory of gasses; MaxwellBoltzman statistics; thermal equilibrium; and fluctuations and irreversibility. (Offered Winter, Odd numbered years)

PHY122; PHY220 recommended
Study of geometric and physical optics. Includes mirror and lens systems, apertures and stops, photography, fiber optics, Fourier techniques, interference and diffraction, limits of resolution, optical image processing, electro optics, lasers and holography. Laboratory. Course fee.

Study of topic of current or historical importance chosen by instructor. Prerequisites vary with selections. May require instructor permission. Students may need to buy materials for their projects at a cost up to $100.
Physics Independent Study
Permission
Planned program of study. Topic selected by instructor and student.

PHY221, MTH210; MTH310 is recommended
Study of wave and matrix mechanics, the harmonic oscillator, the hydrogen atom and angular momentum and spin. (Offered Winter, Even numbered years)

May require Permission
Study of topic of current or historical importance chosen by instructor. Prerequisites vary with selections.
Physics Independent Study
Planned program of study. Topic selected by instructor and student. Requires instructor permission.

Permission
Planned program of research performed on campus or as part of research group at major university or national laboratory. Course fee.